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Climate Actions

Insufficient efforts by all countries to implement the Paris Agreement resulted in the loss of the best chance to limit global warming by 1.5°C. Experts are now calculating scenarios in which warming limits are temporarily exceeded. However, most of the technologies that bring the global mean temperature down past its peak value are not technologically ready. In addition, their widespread use may hinder achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

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The new REN21 report on global development of renewables in 2021 shows successes of renewable energy in some areas. However, to reach the average milestones set by major net zero scenarios, annual renewable power additions must triple. The Low-Carbon Development Strategy of the Russian Federation emphasizes that in order to implement an intensive scenario for reducing emissions, the country needs to increase generation based on renewables.

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Transport makes a significant share of greenhouse gas emissions. Developed technical solutions for decarbonisation of all types of transport are existing. The timely transport decarbonisation requires urgent and strong action: reducing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in transport and moving to carbon-neutral vehicles by 2050.

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Regions of Russia will begin to adapt to climate change. The first territory to approve a regional climate adaptation plan was the Kursk region, followed by the Nizhny Novgorod region. Representatives of public environmental organizations believe that the need to adapt regions to climate change is becoming more urgent every day, but point to the lack of development of documents and plans.

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The latest report by IPCC has many strong messages and some new content. Its main conclusion is the following: To keep global warming within 1.5 degrees, urgent and very significant efforts of all states are needed.

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Russia’s climate efforts are “insufficient” to prevent a global catastrophe - the authors of the Climate Change Efficiency Index ranking wrote. About 60 countries of the largest sources of greenhouse gas emissions do not take the measures necessary to prevent the climate crisis. Russia’s plans do not meet the goals of the Paris Agreement to reduce emissions by 2030 by 50% from 1990 and do not promise to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.

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Scientists warn that there is less and less time left to keep the world from climate catastrophe. The UN Environment Program (UNEP) has released two reports at once on the difference between what is happening in reality and the vital need of mankind. Russia Shows Unpreparedness to Abandon Fossil Fuels and the Green Energy Transition.

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At the UN Climate Change Conference 2021 (COP26), discussions will mainly focus on the rules for carbon markets in accordance with Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. Carbon markets are heavily criticised by many experts and civil society organisations.

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The authors of the “Ranking of openness of regions to the Green Course” found out which of the regions of Russia are in tune with the green, and which stand aside or choose false solutions. Successful implementation of the right low-carbon measures can be a driver of positive change, believe civil society representatives.

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Many countries, municipalities and companies have announced their plans to achieve carbon net zero by this or that year. These plans raise many questions and are criticised for the widespread use of carbon offset trading.

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